The Impact of Automation on present Employees and young graduates


The anxiety of job loss is palpable for several employees from across the industries. Robots, Deep learning, Artificial intelligence has rapidly matured in taking care of most of the work performed by millions of Software engineers or white/blue collar workers.  Automotive and auto parts, electrical and electronic parts, business process outsourcing, textile, clothing and footwear  and retail are some of the industries that already are seeing loss of millions of jobs.

Most of the Banks, financial institutes, brokerage firms  will face closure due to rapid adoption of cryptocurrencies https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptocurrency such as Bitcoin which will affect millions of graduates/MBA’s  wanting to work in financial sector.

There are driver less cars, deep machine learning techniques which can accurately predict diseases (Doctors are you reading this?) and provide medical advices are some examples of how deep the impact will be.

Modern machines, Robots, sensors, Software can now not only do manual routine tasks but also do work that requires cognitive intelligence.

As a result a highly trained radiologist or a specialized software engineer in a company is in danger of being replaced by a Computer software or a Robot that have the cognitive capabilities and can work consistently.

According to a World economic forum report “current trends could lead to a net employment impact of more than 5.1 million jobs lost to disruptive labour market changes over the period 2015–2020, with a total loss of 7.1 million jobs—two thirds of which are concentrated in the Office and Administrative job family” Source:  http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_Future_of_Jobs.pdf

Due to rapid and wide spread automation, AI, Deep learning and Robots replacing humans,  there will be no requirement of software engineers who are just specialists in any core technologies such as JAVA, Web or RDBMS. Rapid maturity of the above mentioned technologies will have the following impact on employment, present jobs and future jobs.

  1. Around 56% of jobs in industries such as Logistics, Healthcare, banking, transportation etc. in areas HR, Services, deliveries, finance, IT,  middle management jobs (supervisors, managers, Software engineers, clerks, tax experts, bank clerks etc. ) are automated and employment in this areas will be dwindling rapidly.
  2. Other areas of job loss will be are hotels and restaurants (80.7 per cent), wholesale and retail trade (77.5 per cent), construction (70.8 per cent) and manufacturing (61.6 per cent). Source : http://www.ilo.org/global/lang–en/index.htm
  1. By year 2020 employees will be working with Robots and other intelligent machines as colleagues and they have to take orders from machines to fulfill the remaining work that is not already replaced by the machines.
  2. There will be a situation in many companies, where humans will not be able to get jobs and only robots handle entire company operations. One such live example is Dyson’s automated Singapore plant where 55 robots do all the work that is done by 100’s of engineers. https://www.fastcodesign.com/1671939/dysons-80-million-new-factory-dedicated-to-its-most-unsung-invention
  3. Infosys an Indian IT giant plans to embrace automation and artificial intelligence, besides other newer technologies. Post-automation of certain operations, Wipro is already in the process re skilling 4500 employees for new technologies.
  4. Few and few companies will visit Universities and colleges for recruiting students (NO MORE CAMPUS Recruitment)  and there is no choice for universities and colleges but to rapidly adopt to changing business needs and adopt to new skills and teach students the same. Otherwise they will be producing huge numbers of Un employed youth that will have a cascading effect on industry and the country’s growth prospects.

Suggestions for Universities, educational institutes, Schools and other skills imparting institutes.

  1. Employees, Students should have the mindset for New skills adaptation and they should always be willing to be learning constantly based on the business needs.
  2. Change the ratio of teaching staff to include Industry experts in the proportion of 60% academic and 40% Industry experts in universities, colleges and schools and make faculty accountable of what skills they impart to students and reward only those who make students acceptable by industry.
  3. Avoid recognizing Marks as the parameter of students success in academics and recognize and reward special skills , creativity shown by students. Allow industry experts to teach students ‘Creativity , innovation and change” and make it mandatory for students to prove they are learning this vital skills.
  4. Eliminate class rooms and replace with Practical labs. Embrace online MOOC classes https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massive_open_online_course  and make students to pass the courses designed by industry and academic experts.
  5. Ask students to solve society’s or industry’s problems as part of school, college project submissions. Indian Government as part of engaging citizens has shared some challenges with rewards. Check details here https://www.mygov.in/  BTW i participate in some of the challenges.
  6. Change syllabus to include what industry will be needing in coming years. Be Proactive in knowing the skills needed in next 5 to 10 years rather than reactive in teaching present skills needed.  There is a huge requirement for software and hardware security experts by 2020. A report from Frost & Sullivan and (ISC)2 found that the global cybersecurity workforce will have more than 1.5 million unfilled positions by 2020. But the security industry is a fast-growing market.  More details on this report is here. http://blog.isc2.org/isc2_blog/2015/04/isc-study-workforce-shortfall-due-to-hiring-difficulties-despite-rising-salaries-increased-budgets-a.html
  7. For those who are working in Software industry or any other sector here is my advice.  Visualize yourselves working with robots, machines only and into next 10 years of your career and work backwards to check what skills will be in demand after 10 years and start learning them right now. If you just know one skills you will be in danger of losing your job pretty soon. Having a diversified skills set is a reward in present job market.
  8. Jobs in areas such as Artificial intelligence, robotics,cyber-security,  building intelligent machines will be on raise and also many traditional jobs that need deep cognitive skills won’t be replaced rapidly and there is scope for job stability.
  9. Because of huge pressure, stress, anxiety in work areas,  individual’s health will suffer which will force for more visits to hospitals. Yoga and meditation will gain tremendous influence in helping those who embrace Yoga and Meditation. I advice young students to start seriously practicing YOGA and Meditation. You can make a career in this two healthy areas.

Finally those who are lifelong learners and who can rapidly adopt to changing job specifications, skills will stay relevant and those who resist change will be side-lined.

Any comments, additions to this article are welcome to do so. Thanks

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Health Care Industry landscape and opportunities


Health care is the most promising field for innovations. This is the most happening field in today’s business landscape. Top technology companies such as Google (with its Glass and Diabetic testing Google Lens and many more), Apple corps with HealthKit are some examples of how technology and health care are evolving.

A wide array of health innovations are coming to the market. That includes Body wearable’s, Software apps, Smart gadgets to monitor vitals of the body and Data analytics to move towards personalized health services and drug delivery by patient.

I spent time in finding the trends and in my view the following are the present trends in Health care.

  1. Self-tracking of your body vitals 2. Gaming solutions to educate about health and wellbeing, 3. Do it yourselves Gadgets   4. Online and mobile patient services 5. Data driven treatments, 6. Physician to Physician connect 7. Cloud based Medical records 8. Remote support 9. Body implants and their monitoring. 10. Patients to Patients online forums 11. Global Standardizing of Health care records, treatment methods and finally constant improvements of Medical gadgets and personalized health care deliveries.

The future looks promising for all the stakeholders in health care and technology companies who are developing some cutting edge gadgets and solutions. There are several school level competitions (Intel science fair, google Science fair) that are promoting out of the box solutions in developing some fantastic solutions to cancer, diabetic treatments.

I categorized the health care industry solutions, players and provided some sample companies information just as a head start. This is the most dynamic field presently and attracting everyone to pitch in. Check the websites and see if some of them are useful to you.

I wrote a blog on finding alternative medicines for a branded drug here for those who cannot afford expensive medicine https://skillsnest.wordpress.com/2013/03/10/sugar-soda-medicines-money-heart-and-your-health/

Medical trainings

http://www.touchsurgery.com/Touch Surgery as a game changing mobile surgical simulator enabling users to practise surgical procedures on their smartphones

http://www.thevisualmd.com/index.php  A rich source of videos and other health care information

http://www.anatomy.tv/tour.aspx another training website for Medical students

https://www.healthtap.com/ A comprehensive health care related website.

Medical devices

http://www.biosense.in/  This company devices that check anaemia and other deficiency of the body.

http://www.janacare.com/ It’s a diagnostic hardware sensor to analyse any fluid — blood, urine, sweat or saliva

https://cue.me/#influenza The device processes biofluid samples in real time, enabling a form of self-diagnosis of diseases.

http://www.withings.com/us/ A smart watch company from France which tracks Body vitals

http://www.artefactgroup.com/content/work/A set of health care devices for various purposes in health care delivery

https://www.scanadu.com/  A product to measure your body vitals and share the information with you and your doctor instantly. (temperature, BP, HeartRate, Oximetry, ECG, HRV, Stress and Urine Analysis)

https://www.apple.com/ios/ios8/health/ Apple’s new Health app gives you an easy-to-read dashboard of your health and fitness data. And we’ve created a new tool for developers called HealthKit, which allows all the incredible health and fitness apps to work together, and work harder, for you. It just might be the beginning of a health revolution.

http://ubiome.com/ A gadget to identify the millions of microbes present in our body and provide details about them

http://mysugr.com/ The app provides immediate feedback on diabetics  and helps you stay motivated.

http://www.remedyonglass.com/ wearable technology to enable doctors to record their conversations with patients

http://www.odondevice.org/  The Odon device is a new low cost instrument to deliver the foetus when complications occur during the second stage of labor.

https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/quitbit/quitbit-the-first-smart-lighter-and-app-to-track-s?ref=discovery Quitbit to track smoking using software app.

http://googleblog.blogspot.in/2014/01/introducing-our-smart-contact-lens.html a smart contact lens that’s built to measure glucose levels in tears using a tiny wireless chip and miniaturized glucose sensor that are embedded between two layers of soft contact lens material.

http://www.smartmci.com/ Products for disaster related triage and mass casualty equipment.

http://www.medicaldevice-network.com/contractors/wireless/gallery.html a news web on wireless medical devices technologies.

Medical advice

http://nppaindia.nic.in/index1eng.html NPPA is an organization of the Government of India which was established, inter alia, to fix/ revise the prices of controlled bulk drugs and formulations and to enforce prices and availability of the medicines in the country, under the Drugs (Prices Control) Order, 1995.

http://senstore.com/  Virtual Nurse to advice on whether a doctor visit is necessary. It is a Andriod app developed using sensors, wireless connectivity and artificial intelligence to enable DIY healthcare for anyone, from anywhere.

http://www.patientslikeme.com/ Compare treatments, symptoms and experiences with people like you and take control of your health

http://www.healthcentral.com/ Provides comprehensive information about all health related topics.

Data analytics

http://ginger.io/ Cutting-edge predictive models developed by MIT scientists and engineers. Their data-driven approach helps unlock patterns in the massive amounts of health data we all generate today

http://www.binatechnologies.com/ Bina is the big data science platform accelerating personalized medicine for researchers and clinicians requiring fast, accurate and scalable genomic analysis.

Medical and drug research

http://dudleylab.org/ A research unit to solve critical challenges in systems Medicine and biomedical informatics by identifying and developing novel therapeutic and diagnostic approaches for human disease through integration and analysis of molecular and clinical data, and also perform research to develop and evaluate methods to incorporate genomic sequencing data into clinical practice.

http://www.cureangelman.org/ A foundations that is working to cure Angelman Syndrome.

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-06/aiop-hct052814.php A new way of delivering drugs by designing them as sperms. This tiny sperm-shaped robots could in fact help with in vitro fertilization (IVF) one day, when they’re not delivering your drugs, sorting your cells, cleaning your clogged arteries, or performing other surgical procedures.

Health services

http://www.mydentist.co.in/  Mydentist is India’s largest chain of dental clinics providing high quality & hi-tech dental care services at affordable prices. Prices are transparent and that makes it very attractive for everyone to try this out

http://www.thyrocare.com/ It is the World’s largest thyroid testing laboratory from India.

http://www.credihealth.com/ to provide our clients (domestic & international patients) with information on Indian healthcare providers.

http://www.narayanahealth.org/ A top healthcare provider from India

Medical Philanthropy:

https://watsi.org/ Watsi is a global crowdfunding platform for healthcare that enables anyone to donate as little as $5 to directly fund life-changing medical care for people in need.

Health Talks

http://www.tedmed.com/videos TEDMED convenes and curates extraordinary people and ideas from all disciplines inside and outside of medicine. The result: unexpected connections that accelerate innovation in health and medicine.

Healthcare Competitions

http://www.qualcommtricorderxprize.org/ The XPRIZE developed the Qualcomm Tricorder XPRIZE to spur radical innovation in personal health care technology.

http://www.hultprizesix.com/ The Hult Prize is a start-up accelerator for budding young social entrepreneurs emerging from the world’s universities

Health care news

http://www.who.int/topics/en/World health organization health news from across the world

http://newsoffice.mit.edu/2010/itw-ventilator-0715 MIT’s innovations of Health care devices and other news

http://www.medgadget.com/   News on Health care and medical gadgets

http://www.businesswire.com/portal/site/home/news/industry/?vnsId=31250 Business wire health news

http://top-topics.thefullwiki.org/Top_open_source_healthcare_software:_All a complete information on healthcare software

http://www.medscape.com/  Health care learning

Health care software

http://openboxes.com/ is a supply chain management system designed to manage drugs and supplies for healthcare facilities in developing countries.

Health care Social activities

http://www.doctorshangout.com/ Promoted by Dr. Subrahmanyam Karuturi  of http://www.karuturi.org/ and our family doctor, it is  online community for Doctors and others to connect and use the platform for learning.

http://www.patient.co.in/ helps you to connect with similar patients like you to share disease experiences, treatment options, and knowledge and give support to each other.

http://www.ghdonline.org/ Improving health care delivery through global collaborations. I registered on this site and contribute my experiences in dealing health technology solutions